Laryngitis is an inflammation of the vocal cords in the larynx or the voice box. It is caused by overuse, irritation and infections.

Symptoms of laryngitis

  • Sore throat
  • Hoarseness
  • Dry throat
  • Dry cough
  • Weak voice or loss of voice
  • Tickling sensation and rawness of the throat

Severe symptoms such as coughing up blood; fever; difficulty with breathing, severe pain and difficulty with swallowing needs medical help immediately

Severe symptoms in children

  • Drooling

    Severe symptoms such as coughing up blood; fever; difficulty with breathing, severe pain and difficulty with swallowing needs medical help immediately.

  • High-pitched breathing sound when inhaling or strider
  • Difficulty with swallowing and breathing
  • Having a fever higher than 39.4 C



  • Vocal strain caused by yelling or overuse of the voice
  • Viral infections similar that cause common cold
  • Bacterial infections such as diphtheria


  • Inhaling irritants such as allergens, smoke and chemical fumes
  • Chronic sinusitis
  • Acid reflux or gastroesophageal reflux disease or GERD
  • Smoking
  • Excessive drinking alcohol
  • Excessive overuse of the voice such as cheerleaders and singers
  • Fungal or bacterial infections
  • Infections caused by parasites


  • Rest the affected area. Avoid a situation that needs plenty of talking or shouting. Avoid straining the voice to be heard by everybody. Just talk into a speaker phone that can be turned up or use an amplifying device. Take a break from singing to prevent worsening of the inflammation.
  • Gargle using warm salt water. Fill a glass with warm water and add ½ teaspoon of salt. Stir until salt is totally dissolved. Gargle the solution around the back of the throat for at least a few minutes and then spit it out.
  • Inhale steam from a hot bath or shower. Take a shower and set the setting in hot as hot that can be tolerated and inhale the steam for at least 15-20 minutes to loosen up accumulation of mucus in the throat and for easy drainage. Another alternative is using a cool-mist humidifier or vaporizer to add moisture into the air. It also helps loosen up the phlegm.
  • Prescribe antibiotics to lessen the pain and the inflammation of laryngitis caused by bacterial infections.
  • In severe cases breathing is inserted into the throat, a procedure called intubation and is attached to a ventilator that helps with breathing by moving air into and out of the lungs.
  • Over-the-counter pain medications to lessen the pain and the inflammation.
  • Suck on prescribed lozenges to relieve of the pain and the coughing. It also adds moisture to the throat.
  • Drink plenty of fluids to keep the body well hydrated, loosen accumulated phlegm and flush out mucus. Drink at least 8 glassed of water every day. Warm liquids such soup and tea to relieve of the congestion and for fast drainage of mucus. Avoid liquids with caffeine to prevent dehydration.


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