Sinusitis or sinus infection is the irritation of the air cavities inside the passages of the nose. It can be initiated by infection or allergies. It is basically diagnosed based on the patient’s history and physical exam.
Sinusitis is a common disorder that affects 10% to 30% of people each year. Women are more affected than men. Common cold, allergic rhinitis, small growths in the lining of the nose and deviated septum are common that causes sinus blockage.
Types of Sinusitis
1. Acute sinusitis. It usually starts with coldlike symptoms.
2. Subacute sinus inflammation. It usually lasts for 4 to 12 weeks.
3. Chronic Inflammation. Symptoms last longer than 12 weeks.
4. Recurrent sinusitis. This happens several times in a year.
Symptoms of Sinusitis
Most people don’t spread sinus infection to others. Facial pains, pus-like nasal discharge, not corresponding to medicines are symptoms of bacterial sinus infection. It is usually treated by antibiotics.
Person with sinusitis may also experience the following symptoms:
• “Stuffed-up” nose
• Runny nose
• Loss of smell
• Cough or congestion
• Bad breath
• Dental pain
Symptoms of Chronic Sinusitis
• A feeling of congestion
• A nasal blockage
• Pus in the nasal cavity
• Runny nose or discolored postnasal drainage
Home Remedies for Sinusitis
Home remedies for sinus infection includes medicines such as acetaminophen, decongestants and mucolytics. Try these 10 natural home remedies for sinusitis:
1. Flush your nasal passages.
2. Try Bromelain. Bromelain is a protein that can be found in stems of pineapple.
3. Take a steam. Hot water vapour can saturate the sinuses.
4. Drink up. Drink plenty of water throughout the day.
5. Spice up. Spicy foods can help clear sinuses.
6. Allergy-proof your home. Get rid the dust mites and keep pets out of the bedroom.
7. Use humidifier. A humidifier keeps the air moist and be sure to keep it clean, specifically if you have mold allergies
8. Apply warm compresses. It helps relieve sinus pain.
9. Don’t ask for antibiotics right away.
10. Know when to see the doctor.
There are no fungal vaccines available to avoid fungal sinus infections. The following may help to avoid sinusitis:
• Maintain strict hand washing
• Avoid from people that are suffering from flu
• Reduce stress
• Avoid allergens in the environment
• Maintain good sinus hygiene
• Drink plenty of fluids