First Aid Help For Sprains

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Overview – What Is A Sprain?

  • A sprain is the stretch or split of tendon which connects the bones.
  • Can take place in both the upper and lower section of the body.
  • Most frequent places people sprain – wrists, knee and ankles.

What Are The Causes Of A Sprain

  • Accidents and traumas.
  • Picking up heavy items.
  • Injuries from sports.

Symptoms Of A Sprain

  • Pain.
  • Inflammation.
  • Bumps other than inflammation.
  • Bruising or redness surrounding the strained joint.
  • Lack of sensation.
  • Not able to move the joint.

Treatment For A Sprain

A sprain is the stretch or split of tendon which connects the bones
A sprain is the stretch or split of tendon which connects the bones
  • Apply something cold such as an ice pack to the injured region for 20 minutes.
  • This can be done several times a day to reduce swelling.
  • Wrapping ice in a towel works perfectly.
  • Keep the wounded leg elevated on a cushion.
  • Take anti-inflammatory medication if required.

Prevention For A Sprain

  • Avoid working out or doing sport when you are exhausted.
  • Consume a well-balanced meal for strong bones and muscles.
  • Exercise every day, especially stretching exercises.
  • Do some warm-up routines before exercising.
  • When exercising, try to exercise in an open space away from clutter.
  • Jog on an even surface.
  • Do not wear shoes that don’t fit you or shoes that are awkward to walk with.

More Steps On Treating A Sprained Joint:

  1. Stay protected. If you are not the casualty, practice worldwide safety measures and wear protective gear if you have access to some.
  1. Do not phone for an ambulance for a sprain. It is suggested to visit a doctor for a sprained joint if:
    • The pain is severe;
    • The casualty is unable to put any pressure on it;
    • It appears different than unhurt joint;
    • Casualty can’t move it;
    • Casualty can’t stand on their sprain for more than a few seconds;
    • There is a lack of sensation with regards to your sprained joint;
    • Redness starts to show on the sprained joint;
    • If you have sprained it numerous times before; and
    • There is pain, inflammation, or redness over a part of your foot.
  1. Make use of the RICE approach to treat the sprain.
  • Rest the sprained joint by not putting a direct pressure on it. Use a stick or some type of support on the uninjured side to slant away from the sprained foot or ankle.
  • Ice the sprain by putting an ice pack over the injury to reduce swelling.
  • Compress the sprain with a stretchy bandage. Ask an expert to demonstrate how to correctly apply an elastic bandage around a sprained joint.
  • Elevate the sprain and move it above the level of the heart especially within the first 48 hours.

Related Video On Sprains 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UWqVASo1blA

 

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