Bruise is a discoloration of the skin due to trauma. It is the blood that gets trapped below the skin. The injury causes capillaries to burst. Bruises are bluish or purple-coloured patches that appear on the skin. They change color over time. A bruise will be reddish first, after one to two days; the red blood cells begin to breakdown which will blacken to a blue or purplish color. This color diminishes to green at about five to six days. On the seventh or eighth day, the color of affected area turns to brown or yellowish look and it will slowly fade back to its normal color. Bruise is also called contusion.
Causes and symptoms
A bruise is a common minor case that does not require a formal medical diagnosis. Anyone can develop bruises from any injury that doesn’t break through skin. Vigorous activities can cause bruises due bringing small tears in the blood vessels walls. Bruises can also be developed easily in the elderly, because the tendency of their skin and blood vessels is to become thinner and more fragile as they grow older. There medications that they may use that interfere with their blood clotting system.
People may get bruises usually when they bump into something or when something bumps into them. Unexplained bruises that occur easily or for no apparent reason may indicate a bleeding disorder such as bruising accompanied by nosebleeds or bleeding gums.
- Take Arnica supplements. Helps to prevent bruising and can be found in most drugstores.
- Avoid certain pain relievers. They may cause thinning of blood.
- Reduce alcohol intake.
- Cut out certain supplements. Ginseng, gingko biloba, garlic pills and vitamin E are all blood thinners.
- Incorporate foods abundant in bioflavonoids into your diet.
- Increase consumption of proteins.
- Eat healthy fats such as avocados, vegetable oil, seeds and oily fish.
- Wear protective gear when engaging in sports and outdoor activities to prevent bruising caused by falls and impacts.
Quick Treatment to Bruises
- Apply cold compress. Never apply ice directly to your skin that can cause frostbite.
- Avoid massaging the bruise or applying heat that may cause it to worsen.
- Elevate and rest the bruised area.
- Take Bromelain. It is a supplement that may reduce bruising and swelling by breaking down blood proteins.